The Seven Churches of Revelation: The Letter to Thyatira
Philippe R. Sterling
WHEN TEMPTED TO SEXUAL SIN: JUST SAY “NO!”
Jesus judged the church at Thyatira that tolerated immoral behavior (2:18-29).
We live in a sex-crazed world. Giving in the world’s sexual enticements will snuff out our spiritual fire. Sexual sin will pull us away from following Jesus. Heeding the message of the letter to Thyatira will help us arm ourselves against sexual temptation.
A word about our title: Just Say “No!” We need to remain holy in a sex-crazed world. But our teaching about sex does not stop with, “Say ‘No!’” The fact is that we also say “Yes!” to holiness, to sex as God meant it to be in the joyful union of a man and a woman in marriage (Gen 2:18-25; 1 Thess 4:1-8; Heb 13:4).
What happens to a believer who absorbs the world’s view of sex and acts on it? What effect does it have on his or her fellowship with Christ? That’s an important matter that the Lord Jesus wants us to consider from the example of the church at Thyatira. The longest of the seven letters to the seven churches of Revelation was written to the church at Thyatira, the smallest of the seven cities, accentuating the importance of the message.
Thyatira was about forty miles inland from Pergamum. It was not a major city. It was not as large as the three we’ve looked at already. But it was a significant center for craftspeople and labor guilds.
The book of Acts mentioned someone who came from Thyatira. Lydia was a businesswoman from this city (see Acts 16:13-14). She sold purple cloth. Thyatira was known for its weaving and dyeing, among other trades such as pottery and bronze work.
The trades were organized into guilds that controlled the economic activity of the city. These guilds or trade unions had patron gods. They observed regular feast days for these gods. These holidays involved promiscuous sexual activities. Abstention from the festivities of the guilds could jeopardize one’s economic prosperity.
Portrayal of Jesus
The Lord presented Himself to this church as the divine Son of God who executes a searching judgment. He used terms that would have meaning to the craftspeople of Thyatira, especially to the smiths who worked with iron and bronze and fire.
Jesus stated that He is the Son of God. This identified Him as the divine Messiah who would one day rule the nations (see Ps 2:8-9 which is directly quoted in vv 26-27).
Jesus had eyes of blazing fire. This depicted His piercing appraisal. The expression first appeared in 1:14 and reappears in His climactic return in 19:12. He searches the minds and hearts (v 23).
Jesus had feet of burnished bronze: This symbolized the judgment that was going to fall on those who did not repent.
Praise for the Church
Jesus knew what was good about the church at Thyatira. He knew their works, their love, their service, their faith, and their patience, and the increase in their works since the beginning. This may have included their worship of God, the sharing of their faith, and their care for the poor and so on. The people of the church likely would have felt good after hearing that.
Criticism of the Church
Jesus knows whether we have been good or bad. There was a problem in Thyatira. A powerful woman in the church, symbolically called “Jezebel” (see 1 Kgs 16:31), had influence so great that she persuaded some of the believers to participate in the guild festivals, committing fornication and eating things sacrificed to idols (v 20). Good standing in the guilds may have been dependent on such participation. Just as the OT Jezebel, the pagan wife of King Ahab, led the Israelites astray, so this NT “Jezebel” was doing the same.
Jesus described her compromise with the socially acceptable immorality and idolatry of the times as plunging into the “depths of Satan.” This may be a reference to the idolatrous initiation secrets of the guilds inspired by Satan. “The depths of Satan” could contrast with what Paul calls “the deep things of God” in 1 Cor 2:10.
The guilt of the believers at Thyatira was perhaps greater than that of the believers in Pergamum. Pergamum had some people who held to the teachings of Balaam and the Nicolaitans. The believers at Thyatira tolerated the woman “Jezebel.” They allowed her to remain in their fellowship and teach and seduce the servants of Jesus.
Jesus had issued a call for repentance (v 21), but the door of opportunity was about to close. The toleration of error had a long history. “Jezebel” had no disposition to change. She would continue her course of action. Jesus would soon afflict this woman and those influenced by her with severe sickness (vv 22-23).
Penalty or Reward
The punishment would fit the crime. Jezebel had sinned on a bed of adultery; she would be punished on a sickbed. Those who followed her in her immorality would also experience great tribulation. Sin may land a believer on a sickbed (1 Cor 11:30).
The initial tribulation for her followers was meant to elicit their repentance (v 22). A lack of repentance would lead to premature physical death (v 23). This was meant as a warning to all the churches. Jesus would give to each one according to their deeds (see Gal 6:7-8).
Jesus encouraged those who had not compromised to remain faithful (vv 24-25). We live in a sex-crazed world: hook-ups, affairs, prostitution, pornography, cybersex. Hold on to what you have in Christ. What we have as believers is better than what others are promising. Guard your purity. “Just say ‘No!’”
Jesus said, “I will put on you no other burden.” This recalls the words of the letter to the Gentiles in Acts 15:28-29.
Jesus continued, “[H]old fast what you have till I come.” That is hold on to your love, faith, service, perseverance, and ever-increasing works. Hold on to these until Jesus returns. This could apply to the Rapture.
Promise to Overcomers
The overcomer is the one who keeps the work of Jesus to the end. Jesus promised the overcomer the privilege of ruling with Him over the nations and sharing in His royal splendor.
Jesus is going to come and rule the nations. Some believers of the church age will rule with Him. Not all believers will have this opportunity. Only those who have earned that right by being faithful to the end of their lives or until His coming for them at the rapture. Jesus will reward the faithful by making them rulers with Him.
Jesus will give the overcoming believer the morning star. He says in Revelation 22:16 that He is “The Bright and Morning Star.” This may refer to His royal splendor. Thus he may be promising the overcomer a share in His royal splendor. All believers will be glorified, but not all will share the royal splendor of Jesus and the privilege of reigning with Him.
The order of the promise to the overcomer and the general admonition to hear what the Spirit says to the churches is reversed in this and the three remaining letters as compared with the first three. A reason for this may be to connect the rewards closely with the commendable response to Christ.
WWJS to the church tolerating immoral behavior: “Just say “’No!’” The church at Thyatira, like the other six churches and the churches of today should listen to the judgment of Jesus and heed the admonition of the Holy Spirit. Say “No!” to immorality and “Yes!” to holiness.